Amoxicillin is widely used in the treatment of children of different ages, including newborns and premature babies. Children under 5 years of age take this antibiotic in the form of a suspension. It is considered to be relatively safe for the children’s organism, but it is worth remembering that the dosage should be determined only by a specialist, who will take into account the individual drug tolerability and severity of the infection.
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Amoxicillin for Children: Instructions for Use
Instructions indicate that this antibiotic is used to fight aerobic bacterial strains that have resistance to penicillin.
The generic antibiotic is effective in the destruction of streptococci, staphylococci, gonococci, meningococci, E. coli, Salmonella and many other harmful bacteria that cause serious diseases in children and adults.
What is Amoxicillin suspension?
Amoxicillin suspension may be prepared at home: all you need is to add cool boiled water to the medicine (to a label on the bottle) and shake the mixture. It forms a dense mass of yellowish liquid with the smell and taste of strawberries or raspberries. The ready medication can be stored for 14 days at room temperature. Shake before each use. One-dimensional (or regular tea) spoon holds 5 m of suspension; amoxicillin content in this suspension makes 250 mg.
Which Childen’s Diseases Can Treat Amoxicillin?
Usually, the generic antibiotic is prescribed for acute illnesses treatment (bacterial infections):
In these cases, generic pills are frequently used with clavulanic acid tablets, which significantly increase the susceptibility of the organism to the antibiotic. The generic drug effectively destroys bacteria cell walls, causing a rapid improvement in the condition of the body, but children’s dose should be chosen very precisely – this combination can cause severe side effects: allergic reactions, including causing suffocation, angioedema, irritation of the upper respiratory tract membranes.
Amoxicillin is also effective in treating infections of the genitourinary system – urethritis, pyelonephritis, gonorrhea, as well as diseases affecting soft tissue and skin. The second group includes listeriosis, leptospirosis and other diseases.
In these cases, the antibiotic is often combined with metronidazole, which improves the permeability of anaerobic bacteria cell walls which cause such diseases are considered.
Doctors also prescribe this drug for children with bacterial lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. Metronidazole is used for effective treatment of a peptic ulcer that is caused by Helicobacter Pylori.
In severe diseases doctors frequently prescribe a special suspension – it is less aggressive towards mucous membranes of the internal organs.
However, in this case, it’s also necessary to be careful in a prescription. The generic antibiotic can have strong negative effects if there are complications of peptic ulcer disease and a toxic bowel lesion.
Amoxicillin for Different Ages
The most common release form is film-coated tablets. There are various options for such drug with the active substance mass of 125 – 750 mg.
Children under the Age of 2
Children under the age of 2 are recommended to use the antibiotic based on their body weight – the usual dosage is 20 mg/kg.
It is not recommended to use 125 mg or higher dosage, as it’s difficult to select the required mass of the active substance and determine the possible negative effects on the gastrointestinal tract of a child.
The best choice, in this case, is Amoxicillin suspension. It is released in the form of soft capsules or pills that are dissolved in water.
Children Aged from 2 to 10
Children aged from 5 to 10 can take the tablets with 250 mg maximum dosage. Besides, they may have the limiting daily dosage, that is why the daily drug intake may be reduced to one per day.
Children at the age of 2 – 5 take the standard dosage 250 mg only for treatment of severe complications of the disease. The normal dosage for them is 125 mg.
Experts suggest that children under the age of 10 should receive 125 mg and 250 mg, which allow getting the most accurate dosing. Canadian Pharmacy Mall reminds that you MUST NOT give Amoxicillin to children without the doctor’s advice, especially – in combination with other agents that enhance its activity. Only a doctor can determine whether the generic drug brings more benefit than harm in each case.
Children over the Age of 10
Children over the age of 10 and weighing more than 40 kilograms are recommended to take a single dose 250 mg. The dosage may be increased up to 1 gram if there is an infection and spread of the disease to other organ systems. The frequency of the drug intake makes 2 times a day with 8 hours interval.
By reducing this interval, a child’s organism can accumulate the drug what will result in strong digestive disorders, excessive excitability of the nervous system, allergic skin reactions.
In the treatment of acute diseases of the genital organs, a single dose can be increased up to 3 grams, but the patient should be under medical supervision.
- individual intolerance of the drug;
- allergic diathesis and other allergic diseases;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- infectious mononucleosis;
- lymphocytic leukemia;
- severe liver disease.
Caution must be taken in your children have bleeding disorders or impaired renal function. Read more Amoxicillin precautions.
Any other antibiotic should be prescribed by a doctor. He chooses the dose basing on the age and weight of the child, the degree of the disease severity.