Testosterone is found in both males and females. It is a naturally produced androgen hormone. Even though it is found in males and females both, it is the primary sex hormone for men. It is produced in the testicles and is known to be regulated by the hypothalamus and the pituitary glands. This is the hormone that is responsible for the development of sexual organs of men during the fetal change. This is the hormone that drives the physical changes as well as the transitions that is known to occur during the time of male puberty. However, in adult testosterone maintains and controls the adult male physical features and characteristics, like:
- Sex hormone production in the testes
- Affecting the feeling of sexual desire and sex drive in men
- Participating in the modification of sperm production
- Having an impact on the energy level, mood, bone strength, and muscle mass
Low levels of testosterone
Testosterone is not measured on a scale but as a range. The level of testosterone is determined with the help of a blood test. However, the level of testosterone fluctuates throughout the day. Thus, you will only be able to get a true reading if you take multiple tests at different times of the day.
Normal levels of testosterone range from 300 nanograms per deciliter to 1200 nanograms per deciliter. If you find your testosterone level to be lower than this then this means that you are having low testosterone.
Symptoms of low testosterone
A symptom of low testosterone can be diagnosed with the help of a medical professional. However, if you are suffering from this problem, you might be incurring the following problems:
- Low sex drive;
- Erectile dysfunction;
- Problems in concentrating;
- High cholesterol;
- Weight gain;
- Fertility issues because of the reduction in sperm count;
- Sweating or hot flashes;
- Moodiness or irritability
More about symptoms of low testosterone watch on the video:
However, these are not the specific symptoms of low testosterone. These can also be caused by several other factors. This hormone can be administered in the body with the help of pills, gel, injections, creams, or through implant beneath the skin. Taking the hormone orally is generally not preferred, because it may not be absorbed by the body and thereby leads to certain complications in the organs like the liver and the heart.
Causes of low testosterone
Low level of testosterone might be caused because of various issues. These are:
- High cholesterol;
- High blood pressure;
- Kidney problems;
- History of thyroid problems;
- History of pituitary problems;
- Type 2 diabetes;
- Steroid exposure;
- Asthma or pulmonary disease
The link between low testosterone and erectile dysfunction
With all the various causes of erectile dysfunction, it often gets difficult to decide whether erectile dysfunction is a symptom of low testosterone or not. One way to find it out if other symptoms of low levels of testosterone are also present.
The best way to make sure is to consult a qualified doctor. It is important to get evaluated by the doctor.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy and ED
If the level of your testosterone measures in the normal range then increasing it with the help of TRT or testosterone replacement therapy may not help your condition of ED. You have to start looking for other cause instead.
Men who have low levels of testosterone, TRT has been successful in restoring the sex drive of a man rather than overcoming the problem of ED. Though many men reported having experienced an improvement in the condition of ED, they needed the help of ED drugs referred to as PDE-5 inhibitors, most of the time. These drugs include:
These drugs are known to improve erection by increasing the flow of blood to the penis. Some when with low testosterone and ED respond to these drugs only after undergoing TRT. Some studies have suggested that erection improvement because of TRT might not have a long-lasting effect. The treatment of low testosterone might be able to bring about an improvement in the sex life of man by renewing his interest in sex, restoring his libido and also by brightening his mood.
TRT might also be able to provide protection against some risk factors for erectile dysfunction like:
- Increasing the sensitivity to insulin;
- Reducing belly fat;
- Truncating the risk of diabetes
Men suffering from heart problems should not take TRT in high doses as it might worsen the condition.