It is interesting that predecessors of antibiotics can be considered the flat cakes with fungus applied by the medicine of Ancient Egypt at the treatment of infectious diseases. In the XV century, doctors used green fungus at the treatment of purulent wounds. The first description of the medical action of green fungus was made by the Russian scientists Alexey Gerasimovich Polotebnov and Vyacheslav Avksentyevich Manassein in 1871-1872, but British are considered as pioneers of an antibiotic. Modern antibiotics were invented absolutely incidentally in 1928. The British bacteriologist Alexander Fleming left Petri dish containing bacterial staphylococcal cultivation s (Staphylococcus aureus) without attention for five days. During this time in a test tube the colony of fungus mushrooms which began to destroy bacteria appeared.
Studying this interesting fact, the bacteriologist decided to emit the active agent arresting bacteria and received a first-ever created antibiotic – penicillin (Penicillium notatum): the fungus developing an antibiotic belongs to sort Penicillium fungi.
Penicillin is able to fight against such bacteria which cause such diseases as quinsy, diphtheria, furunculosis and pneumonia. You may find drugs treatment on the website of Canadian Health&Care Mall.
Alexander Fleming found out a very interesting fact that’s the antibiotic affects only pathogenic microbes, without having the negative impact on leukocytes and other cells of a human body. Unfortunately, up to 1940, it wasn’t possible to allocate the steady form of penicillin ready for practical medicinal application. New medicine was recognized by medical community only twenty years later from the moment of opening. It occurred, partly, because of the inventor. Having opened an antibiotic, the scientist reported about opening to the colleague immunologist bacteriologist Almroth Wright directing the department of microbiology of hospital in which there was Fleming’s laboratory. Almrot Wright was the supporter of preventive medicine and, to some extent, was the competitor to Fleming. The fact remains – Wright didn’t give support to the inventor of the latest medicine. Then Fleming decided to act independently.
In February, 1929 he made the message on the opening of an antibiotic in the London Society of medical researches, however, speech being monotonous and dry didn’t cause interest of listeners in new medicine. Fleming continued the fight, dispatching penicillin samples in laboratory worldwide, convincing experts to pay attention to a new interesting preparation, and, achieved it. In 1940, authoritative scientists of the Oxford university Ernst Cheyn and Howard Florey confirmed Fleming’s conclusions about medicinal properties of new medicine. There came the era of antibiotics. The era of antibiotics is still lasting that’s why it is the most popular preparations worldwide using in the treatment of different diseases.